The Past, Present and Future of Construction
Homes have come a long way in terms of design, building materials, plumbing systems, architectural advancements and technology. There are changes happening every year and in five years, some of the methods and designs of today might be considered archaic. Here are some of the ways construction and homes have evolved over the years and how they will continue to change in the future.
Past: In the past the construction methods were slow with no use of technology, thus projects would take years to complete and deadlines were always stretched.
Present: Today, thanks to standardization and mechanization, turnaround time has reduced considerably. Precast technology allows builders to finish a brick and mortar project in two months instead of six months.
Future: The future sees more use of technology and more pre-fabricated structures. This will lead to faster completion of projects.
Past: The traditional methods of construction involved heavy manpower. Some of us may remember a time when we saw workers carrying bricks and other materials from trucks to sites.
Present: According to reports, the manpower required to build half a million sq ft reduced from 700-800 in 2002 to just 200 in 2012, thanks to automation and the reduced dependence on labourers.
Future: There is going to be a robot revolution and India is going to embrace it. With drones, 3D printing, logistics robots and more, most of the construction activities like lifting, shifting, loading, cutting, stacking, etc. will be taken care of without human intervention.
Past: The older construction methods (now obsolete) and materials often led to unstable structures that needed a lot of maintenance (cracks, leakages, etc.) and shorter life spans.
Present: The greater knowledge, expertise and more innovative methods of construction are creating homes and buildings that are sturdy and long-lasting. They require very little maintenance and look new for years.
Future: With the adoption of technology, all tasks will be done with precision; reducing the chance of errors and also ensuring the durability of structures.
Past: The materials and methods of construction in the past did not have a positive impact on the environment. The manufacture of cement, inefficient use of water, use of toxic chemicals, etc. made the construction industry one of the most environmentally unfriendly one.
Present: Today more and more steps are being taken to ensure that the adverse impact on the environment is reduced. Whether it’s designing green homes, using eco-friendly or recycled materials and using technology which reduces the amount of energy spent on transport and building.
Future: The ‘green’ building sector is expected to grow rapidly in the years to come. There is more incentive from the government as well. Materials like reclaimed metal, manufactures sand, smart bricks, etc. will reduce the environmental impact of the construction industry.
Other changes are that owners will have more real-time knowledge about the progress of projects and there’s more transparency as all information will be easily available for all, there and more start-ups that aim to reduce our carbon footprint by designing and building sustainable homes, the government is also taking steps to ensure there are more eco-friendly and energy efficient buildings constructed. All of these indicate that the future of construction looks good for everyone – the builders, home owners and the planet.